Danube

   The great river (2,850 kilometers long) that traverses the Balkan Peninsula (q.v.), ending in a large delta before entering the Black Sea (q.v.). Along with the Rhine River (q.v.), at least until the Rhine defenses were abandoned in 406, it comprised the northern border for the Roman Empire (q.v.), and subsequently for Byzantium (q.v.) as well. As a boundary between barbarism and civilization, and a major route of transport, it was guarded by a series of fortresses, yet was hardly an impregnable obstacle for invaders from the north. Nevertheless, the defense of Byzantium's European provinces was closely connected to the defense of the Danubian frontier. After the death of Justinian I (q.v.) in 565, the Danube River was crossed almost at will by Avars and Slavs (qq.v.), who settled south of the river. In 680 the Bulgars (q.v.) settled in the Dobrudja (q.v.), and Byzantium was forced to recognize its independence. The conquest of Bulgaria (q.v.) in 1018 reestablished Byzantine hegemony south of the Danube for a while, but during the 11th and 12th centuries these defenses broke down before the determined assaults of Uzes, Pechenegs, and Cumans (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Danube — Le fort de Golubac (Serbie). Cours du Danube. Caractéristiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DANUBE — Par sa longueur (2 850 km), la surface de son bassin versant (805 000 km2) et le volume de son débit moyen (6 500 m3/s en aval), le Danube est le fleuve d’Europe le plus important après la Volga. Il draine le dixième de la superficie du continent …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Danube — Danube, MN U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 529 Housing Units (2000): 223 Land area (2000): 0.483484 sq. miles (1.252217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.483484 sq. miles (1.252217 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Danube, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 529 Housing Units (2000): 223 Land area (2000): 0.483484 sq. miles (1.252217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.483484 sq. miles (1.252217 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Danube — Danube, Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Posttownship) in der Grafschaft Herkimer des Staates New York (Nordamerika), am Mohawk River u. dem Erie Kanal; 1800 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Danube — major river of Europe (Ger. Donau, Hungarian Duna, Rus. Dunaj), from L. Danuvius, from Celtic *danu(w) yo , from PIE *danu river (Cf. Don, Dnieper, Dniester) …   Etymology dictionary

  • danube — Danube, voyez Dunoe …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Danube — [dan′yo͞ob] [Celt Dānuvius < IE dānus , stream (< base * dā , liquid, flow) > DNEPR, DNESTR, DON2, DONETS, DOON] river in S Europe, flowing from the Black Forest in S Germany eastward into the Black Sea: c. 1,770 mi (2,850 km): Bulg.… …   English World dictionary

  • Danube — This article is about the river. For other uses, see Danube (disambiguation). Dunărea redirects here. For other uses, see Dunărea (disambiguation). Coordinates: 45°13′3″N 29°45′41″E /  …   Wikipedia

  • Danube — noun the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube • Syn: ↑Danube River, ↑Danau • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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